Author Topic: Employee contribution of PF and ESI  (Read 17184 times)

Pankaj

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Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« on: January 15, 2014, 05:09:57 PM »
Dear Members,
Recently the Gujrat High Court has ruled that Employees contribution to PF and ESI will be added to the income of the company if the same is not deposited with in due date of the respective Acts. We are going to open some branches in various parts of the country where PF will be applicable but getting the PF registration may take time as we would apply for trade licence and PF registration but the PF will be deducted at the time of salary. Thus without having PF registration number we will not be able to deposit the same in time. In this respect please guide how to deal with the situation so that the above addition is not made.
Regards
Pankaj

satyanveshi

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #1 on: January 16, 2014, 05:34:30 AM »
this decision of Gujarat High Court really opened a pandaros box. Earlier, many high Courts have held thateven the contribution of employee, if deposited before filing return of income, is allowable under the provisions of 43B. Of course, revenue is also arguing that the ratios laid down all these high courts are wrong. Now they got support from this decision. Earlier decisions are 321 ITR 508(DElhi), 298 ITR 141(Kar) and 350 ITR 327, 350 ITR 327(HP) and 356 ITR 351(Guj), 215 taxman 597(Kar) and though not directly but indirectly supported this view in 227 ITR 446(AP). It is also trite that when two interpretations are possible, the one which is favourable to the assessee should be followed as per Apex courts decision 88 ITR 192 and 89 ITR 236. Therefore, you can argue to follow the above decisions unless u r from Gujarat. Otherwise, you have to wait till the issue is settled by Apex Court or u can make a representation to CBDT to come out with a clarification as was done in the issues of 10A, 10B and 40(a)(ia)
« Last Edit: January 16, 2014, 05:37:47 AM by satyanveshi »

camanojgupta

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #2 on: January 16, 2014, 07:08:33 PM »
Clause (va) of section 36(1) provides for deduction of any sum received by the assessee from any of his employees to which the provisions of section 2(24)(x) apply, if such sum is credited by the assessee to the employees account in the relevant fund or funds on or before the due date.
The Explanation to clause (va) clarifies that for the purposes of this clause, ‘due date’ means date by which the assessee is required as an em-ployer to credit an employees contribution to the employee’s account in the relevant fund under any Act, rule, order or notification issued thereunder or under any standing order, award, contract of service or otherwise.
Section 43B provides that a deduction in respect of any sum payable by the assessee by way of :
(ii) any sum payable by an assessee as an employer for contribution to provident fund or gratuity fund or superannuation fund or any other fund for the welfare of employees;
will not be allowed as deduction if not paid during the previous year and will be allowed as a deduction in computing the income of only that year in which it is actually paid. This provision will be applicable irrespective of the method of accounting regularly employed by the assessee.
Section 43B deals with employers contribution while section 36(1)(va) deals with employess contribution.
The observations of the Kolkata bench of ITAT in the case of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (2011) 41 (II) ITCL 345 (Kol C-Trib), are noteworthy that a claim/deduction which is otherwise not allowable under section 36(1)(va) or for that matter any other provision of the Income-tax Act can neither be considered nor is allowed under section 43B. The opening words of section 43B, namely “notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Act a deduction otherwise allowable under this Act. ..... make it amply clear that section 43B comes into play only when deduction is otherwise allowable under the Income-tax Act. The purpose of section 43B is:
(i) to bar the deduction of the sums referred to therein unless they are actually paid, and
(ii) not to allow deduction which is otherwise not allowable under the Income-tax Act. Therefore, section 43B cannot be pressed into service where deduction is not otherwise allowable under section 36(1)(va). Moreover, section 43B is a general provision which merely bars deduction of specified sums, unless they are actually paid and whereas provisions of section 36(1)(va) specifically deal with deduction in respect of payment of employees contribution to the Provident Fund. Therefore, the provisions of section 36(1)(va), being special provisions enacted to deal with specific matter would prevail over the general provisions of section 43B on the principle that a general clause does not explain to those things that have been previously provided for specifically.
ITAT benches in the following cases held the view that employees contribution is controlled by section 36(1)(va)
Jt. CIT v. ITC Ltd.(2008) 299 ITR (AT) 341 (Kol-Trib)
Dy. Commissioner of Income Tax v. Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (2011) 41 (II) ITCL 345 (Kol C-Trib)
ICI India Ltd. v. Addl. CIT (2012) 43 (II) ITCL 339 (Kol B-Trib)
 Dy. CIT v. Ashika Stock Broking Ltd. (2011) 44 SOT 556 (Kol-Trib) : (2011) 139 TTJ (Kol-Trib) 192
South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. v. Joint CIT (2003) 85 ITD 608 (Nag-Trib)
ITO v. LKP Securities Ltd. ITA No. 638/2012, dt. 17-5-2013 (Mum-Trib)
High Courts however has taken the opposite view
CIT v. Sabari Enterprises (2008) 298 ITR 141 (Karn)
Spectrum Consultants India (P) Ltd. v. Commissioner of Income Tax  (2013) 215 Taxman 597 (Karn)
CIT v. Kichha Sugar Company Ltd. (2013) 356 ITR 351 (Uttarakhand–HC)
CIT v. AIMIL Ltd.(2010) 321 ITR 508 (Del)
CIT v. Nipso Polyfabriks Ltd. (2013) 350 ITR 327 (HP)
CIT v. Udaipur Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd.  (2013) 53 (I) ITCL 433 (Raj-HC)
Technically speaking speaking employees’ contribution is controlled by section 36(1)(va), therefore, the provisions of that section will prevail and thus, employees’ contribution if not paid according to scheme of section 36(1)(va) will not be allowed.
ALMOST ALL HIGH COURTS EXCEPT GUJARAT AND Kerala HIGH COURT HAS SO FAR RULED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE.
REFERENCE CAN BE MADE TO
CIT v. Sabari Enterprises (2008) 298 ITR 141 (Karn)
Spectrum Consultants India (P) Ltd. v. Commissioner of Income Tax  (2013) 215 Taxman 597 (Karn)
CIT v. Kichha Sugar Company Ltd. (2013) 356 ITR 351 (Uttarakhand'HC)
CIT V AIMIL LTD 321 ITR 508 DELHI
CIT v. Nipso Polyfabriks Ltd. (2013) 350 ITR 327 (HP)
CIT v. Udaipur Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd. (Raj-HC)
Commissioner of Income Tax v. REI Agro Ltd. (Cal-HC).
Commissioner of Income Tax v. Hemla Embroidery Mills (P.) Ltd. (P&H-HC),
Commissioner of Income Tax v. State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur (Raj-HC)
 Commissioner of Income Tax v. Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. (Raj-HC)
Essae Teraoka (P.) Ltd. v. Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax (Karn-HC)
CIT v. Hindustan Organics Chemicals Ltd. (Bom-HC)
CIT V. GHATGE PATIL TRANSPORTS LTD (BOM-HC)
GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF Commissioner of Income Tax v. Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (Guj-HC) and Kerala High Court in the case of Commissioner of Income-tax, Cochin
v.
Merchem Ltd.HAS HOWEVER TAKEN AN OPPOSITE VIEW.
GOING BY THE ACT I BELEIVE VIEW OF GUJARAT And Kerala HIGH COURT IS CORRECT ONE.
CA MANOJ GUPTA
JODHPUR
09828510543
CA MANOJ GUPTA
JODHPUR
09828510543
« Last Edit: September 17, 2015, 11:56:45 AM by camanojgupta »

ketanvyas1975

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #3 on: January 18, 2014, 05:56:27 PM »
Yes. Manojbhai has given very convincing reply. Although the decision is against the assessee, the same appears to be the correct position of the law.

pawansingla

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #4 on: January 19, 2014, 12:33:09 PM »
Though the judgement of Gujarat High court appears to be in consonnace with the language of the Act as well intention of the legislature.Further , employer is trustee for employees contribution.So, if does not pay by due date as per Act, he commits a breach of trust. So,one who commits a breach of trust is liable to be punished.

shobha nagrani

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #5 on: January 19, 2014, 01:41:16 PM »
But can the deduction be denied forever? It must be given in the year of payment which is what s. 43B does.

pawansingla

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #6 on: January 19, 2014, 08:30:57 PM »
I don,t think so. Section 2(24)(x) treats this as a income and deduction is allowable only if it is paid by due date as per respective Acts.

prashantmaharishi

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #7 on: March 30, 2014, 01:38:40 AM »
can an assessee not claim this deduction as loss from busines su/s 28 itself as the  amount paid is irretreivably lost for ever and is arissing during the course of the  business. Mindwell this is neither a penalty  nor a  fine.   I think he can claim the amount fo PF paid of employes contrubution  beyond due dates  in the year in whihc it is  paid as business loss u/s 28 itself.

ketanvyas1975

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #8 on: March 30, 2014, 04:15:55 PM »
well, I respectfully disagree with Prashant. You can claim something as business loss when the same is not explicitely dealt with in any of sections of the Income Tax Act falling under the head income from business/profession. Otherwise, the conditions or restrictions prescribed for a particular allowance will become otiose as in the situation where the assesse fails to meet with the prescribed condition or restriction, he will alternatively claim the same under other nomenclature i.e. business loss as suggested by you. This can not be permitted. Wherever, a specific provision is made for any specific allowance, the said allowance will be governed under that provision only and once disallowed under that section, deduction can not be permitted under general head of deduction. This is my understanding in the matter. The other members may correct me if I am wrong.

camanojgupta

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #9 on: April 01, 2014, 09:11:54 PM »
agreed ketanji Good argument

deepakgadgil

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #10 on: November 06, 2014, 07:51:14 AM »
Friends

at least for those in Maharashtra we now have a judgement of Hon'ble BBY HC -refer

ITA no. 1002 / 1034 of 2012 in case of Ghatge Patil Transports Ltd.

Regards

camanojgupta

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Re: Employee contribution of PF and ESI
« Reply #11 on: November 07, 2014, 07:34:57 PM »
ALMOST ALL HIGH COURTS EXCEPT GUJARAT AND Kerala HIGH COURT HAS SO FAR RULED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE.
REFERENCE CAN BE MADE TO
CIT v. Sabari Enterprises (2008) 298 ITR 141 (Karn)
Spectrum Consultants India (P) Ltd. v. Commissioner of Income Tax  (2013) 215 Taxman 597 (Karn)
CIT v. Kichha Sugar Company Ltd. (2013) 356 ITR 351 (Uttarakhand'HC)
CIT V AIMIL LTD 321 ITR 508 DELHI
CIT v. Nipso Polyfabriks Ltd. (2013) 350 ITR 327 (HP)
CIT v. Udaipur Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd. (Raj-HC)
Commissioner of Income Tax v. REI Agro Ltd. (Cal-HC).
Commissioner of Income Tax v. Hemla Embroidery Mills (P.) Ltd. (P&H-HC),
Commissioner of Income Tax v. State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur (Raj-HC)
 Commissioner of Income Tax v. Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. (Raj-HC)
Essae Teraoka (P.) Ltd. v. Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax (Karn-HC)
CIT v. Hindustan Organics Chemicals Ltd. (Bom-HC)
CIT V. GHATGE PATIL TRANSPORTS LTD (BOM-HC)
GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF Commissioner of Income Tax v. Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (Guj-HC) and Kerala High Court in the case of Commissioner of Income-tax, Cochin
v.
Merchem Ltd.HAS HOWEVER TAKEN AN OPPOSITE VIEW.
GOING BY THE ACT I BELEIVE VIEW OF GUJARAT And Kerala HIGH COURT IS CORRECT ONE.
CA MANOJ GUPTA
JODHPUR
09828510543
« Last Edit: September 17, 2015, 11:55:59 AM by camanojgupta »