Cummins India Limited vs. ACIT (ITAT Pune)

DATE: December 31, 2014 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: January 8, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2005-06
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Transfer Pricing: Closely linked international transactions can be aggregated to determine the ALP

(i) On a combined reading of Rule 10A(d) and 10B of the Rules, a number of transactions can be aggregated and construed as a single ‘transaction’ for the purposes of determining the ALP, provided of course that such transactions are ‘closely linked’. Ostensibly the rationale of aggregating ‘closely linked’ transactions to facilitate determination of ALP envisaged a situation where it would be inappropriate to analyse the transactions individually. The proposition that a number of individual transactions can be aggregated and construed as a composite transaction in order to compute ALP also finds an echo in the OECD guidelines. As per an example noted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (‘ICAI’) in its Guidance Notes on transfer pricing in para 13.7, it is stated that two or more transactions can be said to be ‘closely linked’, if they emanate from a common source, being an order or contract or an agreement or an arrangement, and the nature, characteristic and terms of such transactions substantially flow from the said common source;

(ii) On facts, the international transactions of import of spare parts, export of spare parts, IT support services, access to customized parts catalogue and amount received for warranty consideration are inter-related transactions, which were the sourcing activities of the assessee company and have to be aggregated in order to benchmark the international transactions. The assessee had benchmarked the arm’s length price of all the transactions by comparing results of the comparable companies which were found to be at arm’s length price (Demag Cranes & Components (India) Pvt. Ltd. Vs. DCIT followed).

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