It is an established principle of law that in a third party auction, the purchaser’s interest in the auctioned property continues to be protected notwithstanding that the underlying decree is subsequently set aside or otherwise.
It is not open to the WTO u/s 16A of the W. T. Act to call for the report of the Valuation Officer after the assessment proceedings are completed and use that report to commence proceedings for reassessment. The jurisdiction conferred on the WTO is limited to calling for the report when the proceeding are pending and not when the Wealth Tax Officer becomes functious officio.
As the trademarks etc had been registered and used in India and enjoyed high reputation and goodwill in the Indian market, they had a “tangible presence” in India and were located in India. The facts showed that they became inextricable components of the business of manufacture and marketing of Foster’s lager beer in India by the group company of the applicant.
Deduction u/s 80-HHF (1) is available in respect of the ‘profits of the business’ which means the entire business profits and not only the profits derived from the export activity. Accordingly, deduction is allowable even if the export activity has resulted in a loss provided there is an overall business profit.
Transportation cost incurred by a foreign assessee in providing transportation facility for movement of offshore employees from their residence in home country to the place of work and back is liable to Fringe Benefit Tax u/s 115WA.
Jurisdiction u/s S. 143(1)(a) and 143 (1A) is confined to making “prima facie” adjustments. When there are conflicting judgments on interpretation of Section 80-O, it is not permissible to make “prima facie” adjustments u/s 143(1)(a) and consequently additional tax u/s 143(1A) is not payable.
The word “tax”in Articles 14(2) and 2(1)(b) of the India-USA DTAA includes “surcharge” and for purposes of Article 14(2) which provides that the rate of tax payable by a USA company shall not exceed 15% of the rate payable by domestic companies, the surcharge payable by domestic companies has to be included.
Where the assessee entered into “international transactions” with “associated enterprises” and the AO made adjustments to the arms length price, held, deleting the adjustments that:
(i) In order to determine the most appropriate method for determining the arm’s length price, it is first necessary to select the ‘tested party’ and the tested party will be the least complex of the controlled taxpayer and will not own valuable intangible property or unique assets that distinguish it from potential uncontrolled comparables.
The AO has no jurisdiction u/s 115J of the Act to go behind the Profit & loss account of the assessee and to make adjustments therein beyond what is expressly provided in s. 115J. An assessee is entitled to provide for depreciation in its books at rates which are higher than the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act.
Before dubbing the accounts to be complex or difficult to understand, there has to be a genuine and honest attempt on the part of the AO to understand accounts maintained by the assessee; appreciate the entries made therein and in the event of any doubt, seek explanation from the assessee. The opinion must be based on objective criteria and not on the basis of subjective satisfaction. Recourse to s. 142 (2A) cannot be had by the AO merely to shift his responsibility of scrutinizing the accounts of an assessee and pass on the buck to the special auditor.