Shreenath Motors Pvt. Ltd vs. CIT (Bombay High Court)

DATE: (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: July 9, 2014 (Date of publication)

Click here to download the judgement (shreenath_education_expenses.pdf)

S. 37(1): Expenditure on education of director is personal expenses & not allowable deduction

The expenditure incurred for the education of the Director of the assessee viz. Mr Krishna Kachalia was out of personal consideration and not commercial consideration. The judgement in Sakal Papers 114 ITR 256 (Bom) has been considered in D.C. Mehta v/s. ITO (Income Tax Appeal No.840 of 2012). In that case, the assessee, Mr. D. C. Mehta, an Advocate by profession claimed a deduction of Rs.22L as expenditure incurred for higher education for his daughter, Hemali. The justification for the said deduction was that she joined the Appellant’s firm of Advocates and gave an undertaking that on attaining higher qualification and degree from the University abroad, she would join the firm for a minimum period of five years and thus, the said expenditure was incurred for the business of the assessee and was allowable as a deduction. It was found that the daughter Hemali joined the assessee and immediately was sent for education abroad. The assessee had not been able to bring on record anything and particularly the scheme for higher education abroad for employees and associates. Despite other associate Advocates working in the firm of the Assessee, none were given an opportunity to go abroad for higher education despite the fact that some were working with him for the last 15 years. Despite the aforesaid, within a period of two to three months, after the daughter Hemali became an Advocate and joined the firm as an Associate, she went abroad. In this view of the matter, the Division Bench upheld the contention of the authorities below in disallowing the deduction. The judgment in Sakal Papers must be seen in the peculiar facts and background and the cumulative impact of all events & circumstances must be seen. Only because there was no commitment or contract or bond taken from the trainee, the expenditure cannot be disallowed to the assessee, particularly when as a result of that expenditure, the trainee had secured both, a degree and training which would be of assistance to the assessee Company. The facts of the present case are totally different from that of Sakal Papers and almost identical to that in D. C. Mehta’s case (Chandulal Keshavlal 38 ITR 601 (SC), S.A. Builders 288 ITR 1 (SC) distinguished).

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