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M/s Orchid Marine vs. ITO (ITAT Cochin)

COURT:
CORAM: ,
SECTION(S):
GENRE:
CATCH WORDS:
COUNSEL:
DATE: September 24, 2014 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: October 5, 2014 (Date of publication)
AY:
FILE: Click here to download the file in pdf format
CITATION:
S. 40(a)(ia): Verdict in Merilyn Shipping & Vector Shipping (All HC) cannot be followed in view of Crescent Export Syndicate (Cal HC), Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (Guj HC) & Rishti Stock & Shares

(i) We have also carefully gone through the judgment of the Allahabad High Court in CIT vs M/s Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd (supra), copy of which is filed by the assessee. The Allahabad High Court, after reproducing the relevant paragraph from the order of CIT(A) and referring to the decision of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyin Shipping & Transports (supra) found that the Tribunal has not committed an error. It is obvious that there is no discussion about the correctness or otherwise of the decision rendered by the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra). However, we find that the Gujarat High Court in the case of CIT vs Sikandarkhan N Tunvar judgment dated 02-05-2013 considered the decision of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra) and specifically disagreed with the principles laid down by the Special of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra). The Calcutta High Court also in the case of Crescent Exports Syndicate & Another in ITAT 20 of 2013 and GA 190 of 2013 judgment dated 03-04-2013 considered elaborately the judgment of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra) and found that the decision rendered by the Special Bench of this Tribunal is not the correct law. It is well settled principles of law that when different High Courts expressed different opinions on a point of law, then, normally, the benefit of doubt under the taxation law would go to the assessee. It is also equally settled principles of law that the judgment which discusses the point in issue elaborately and gives an elaborate reasoning has to be preferred when compared to the judgment which has no reasoning and discussion. Admittedly, the Calcutta High Court and Gujarat High Court have discussed the issue elaborately and elaborate reasons have also been recorded as to why the Special Bench is not correct. Therefore, this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the judgments of the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Exports Syndicate & Another (supra) and Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra) have to be preferred when compared to the Allahabad High Court in M/s Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd (supra).

(ii) By following the judgments of the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Export Syndicate (supra) and the Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra), this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the decision of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in the case of M/s Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra) and the judgment of the Allahabad High Court in Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd (supra) are not applicable to the facts of the case under consideration whereas the judgments of the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Export Syndicate (supra) and the Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra) are squarely applicable to the facts of the case. The dismissal of SLP by Apex Court is not a declaration of law under Article 141 of the Constitution of India. Therefore, mere dismissal of SLP by Apex Court does not mean that the Apex Court declared any law on the subject. Moreover, the Mumbai Bench of the Tribunal in ACIT vs Rishti Stock & Shares P Ltd in ITA No.112/Mum/2012 held the judgment of the Allahabad High Court in Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd (supra) is obiter dicta.

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  1. […] should be taken. However, a contrary view has been taken in Rishti Stock and Shares (ITAT Mumbai), M/s Orchid Marine vs. ITO (ITAT Cochin) & The Ramanthali Service Co-operative Bank Ltd (ITAT […]

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