|CORAM:||B. R. Baskaran (AM), D. Manmohan VP|
|CATCH WORDS:||Human Probability, Penny Stocks|
|DATE:||September 26, 2014 (Date of pronouncement)|
|DATE:||October 4, 2014 (Date of publication)|
|FILE:||Click here to download the file in pdf format|
|AO can assess on consideration of material available on record, surrounding circumstances, human conduct, preponderance of probabilities and nature of incriminating information / evidence available on record|
We have already seen that the tax authorities have applied the test of human probabilities explained by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the cases of Sumati Dayal and Durga Prasad More (supra) to disbelieve the claim of Long term Capital gains put forth by the assessee. We notice that the test of human probabilities was not applied by the co-ordinate benches of Tribunal in the case of Shri Avinash Kantilal Jain (supra) and Mr. Shyam R Pawar (supra). Hence, in our view, the assessee cannot take support from the above said decisions. We further notice that the ld CIT(A) has placed reliance on the decision dated 04.1.2011 rendered by ITAT Delhi in the case of Haresh Win Chaddha Vs. DDIT, wherein the Tribunal has expressed the view that there is no presumption in law that the AO is supposed to discharge an impossible burden to assess the tax liability by direct evidence only and to establish the evasion beyond doubt as in criminal proceedings. Further it was held that the AO can assess on consideration of material available on record, surrounding circumstances, human conduct, preponderance of probabilities and nature of incriminating information / evidence available on record.
13. In the case of Smt. Jamnadevi Agrawal (supra), the Hon’ble Bombay High Court has upheld the order of Tribunal on the reasoning that no fault can be found with the findings recorded by the Tribunal. A perusal of the above said order would show that the revenue in the above said case had contended that the assessees in the group have purchased and sold shares of similar companies through the same broker. Further the purchase prices and sale prices were supported by producing the evidences to show that the said transactions were undertaken at the rates prevailing on the respective dates. Under these set of facts, the High Court held that the findings given by the Tribunal cannot be found fault with and further held that the decision rendered by Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Sumati Dayal (supra) was not applicable. In the case of Shri Mukesh Ratilal Marolia (Supra), the Hon’ble Bombay high Court has observed that the assessee has furnished copies of Share certificates to show that the shares were in fact transferred to the name of the assessee before it. Further there was no allegation that the prices of shares purchased by the assessee in the case before High Court were manipulated.
14. However, in the instant case, the assessee could not produce the copies of share certificates and copies of share transfer forms. The transaction of purchase of shares could not be cross verified. The shares of M/s Prime Capital Markets Ltd was declared as “Penny Stock” by SEBI and the broker Sanju Kabra, through whom the shares were sold by the assessee was indicted for manipulating the prices of penny stock shares. Hence, in our view, the tax authorities have rightly applied the test of human probabilities to examine the claim of purchase and sale of shares made by the assessee.