Search Results For: 143(3)


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DATE: September 11, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: October 12, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2002-03 to 2008-09
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Extrapolation: Fact that assessee admitted undisclosed income for one year does not mean that AO can assume that similar undisclosed income is earned in earlier years as well

The assessing officer did not bring any material on record to support his case of estimation of professional receipts of earlier years. We also notice that the assessing offer has assessed the net profit on the alleged suppressed professional receipts, meaning thereby, the assessing officer has presumed that the assessee would have suppressed corresponding expenses also. Again it is only a guess work only, unsupported by any material. Similarly, the average daily collection estimated by the AO was also mere guess work. In effect, there is no material available with the AO to show that the assessee has suppressed professional receipts as well as expenses in order to substantiate the estimation made by him

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DATE: July 31, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: August 6, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2006-07
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Bogus sales and purchases: Reliance on statement of supplier who confesses to providing accommodation entries without giving assessee right of cross-examination violates principles of natural justice and the addition has to be deleted in toto

The reassessment order is as a result of violation of the natural principle of audi alteram partem. A statement recorded at the back of a party cannot be used against such party without confronting such statement to the party. Hence, on this score alone, the reassessment order is unsustainable in the eye of law and we hereby cancel the same

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DATE: June 19, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: July 21, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2011-12
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Bogus purchases: Manner of computing profits in the case of bogus purchases by an assessee who is not a dealer in the goods but has consumed the goods in his business explained

As per our considered view, since the purchases so made were not sold by the assessee, the AO was not justified in estimating 15% profit on such bogus purchases. However, such bogus purchases/expenses were going to reduce the assessee’s profits by the equal amount of such expenses and not only by 15% as taken by the AO. It was not a case where purchases so made were actually sold by the assessee. Where assessee is found to have sold the goods out of the bogus purchases, under those circumstances it is reasonable to estimate profit out of such sales so as to make appropriate addition. However, in the instant case the assessee was engaged in the business of hotel wherein the expenditure alleged to be incurred on plumbing, electrical items, furniture, printing and stationary etc appears to have reduced directly the profit earned by assessee

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DATE: June 26, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: July 21, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2005-06, 2007-08
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S. 132(4A) presumption does not apply to loose papers found in some other person's possession. While the AO can make a protective assessment, the appellate authority cannot confirm a protective order. It has to either make it substantive or quash it

It is settled that when there is a doubt as to which person amongst the two was liable to be assessed, parallel proceedings may be taken against both and alternative assessments may also be framed. It is also equally true that while a protective assessment is permissible, it is not open to the income-tax appellate authorities constituted under the Act to make a protective order

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DATE: July 2, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: July 15, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2003-04
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S. 148/ 292BB: Issue of notice in the name of the deceased person renders the assessment order null and void even if the order is passed in the name of the legal heir. The fact that the legal heir attended the proceedings does not make it a curable defect u/s 292BB

The AO issued notice dated 31.03.2010 u/s 148 of the Act in the name of the deceased assessee and also mentioned in the body of the assessment order that the notice u/s 148 of the Act was issued and served upon the assessee by Post within the statutory time period prescribed. Though the legal heir of the deceased assessee informed the AO that the assessee had expired and the return in the name of deceased assessee was filed by the legal heir, the AO did not issue any notice u/s 148 of the Act or 143(2) of the Act in the name of the legal heir. Therefore, the assessment framed by the AO on the basis of the notice issued u/s 148 of the Act in the name of the deceased assessee was invalid and void ab initio

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DATE: July 8, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: July 10, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2009-10
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S. 263: In a case where there is inadequate inquiry but not lack of inquiry, the CIT must conduct inquiry and verification and record the finding how the assessment order is erroneous. He cannot simply remand the matter to the AO for verification

In cases where there is inadequate inquiry but not lack of inquiry, the CIT must give and record a finding that the order/inquiry made is erroneous. This can happen if inquiry and verification is conducted by the CIT and he is able to establish and show the error and mistake made by the AO, making the order unsustainable in law

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DATE: May 29, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: June 2, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2008-09
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S. 143(3)/153A: Addition made solely on the basis of a disclosure and without any incriminating material is not sustainable if facts show that disclosure was under duress. CBDT Instruction dated 10.03.2003relied upon

A perusal of the CBDT instruction reveals that even Board is aware of such laconic disclosures and expects its officers to rely on incriminating evidence. Thus CBDT also is not in favor of search assessments being based only on such disclosures; it wants them to be based on incriminating material. In view the facts, circumstances, CBDT instruction and various case laws relied on by the assessee we are unable to uphold the additions solely on the basis of disclosure which doesn’t meet the eye and have been held by us to involuntary

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DATE: May 8, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: June 1, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 1990-91 to 1999-00
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'On-Money' received by a builder on sale of flats held as stock-in-trade is taxable only in the year of sale of the flats and not in the year of offer/ disclosure

In the light of the judgement of Hon’ble Gujarat High Court rendered in the case of CIT vs. Motilal C.Patel and Co. reported at 173 ITR 666 (Guj.), such amount can be subjected to tax when sale-deed is actually executed. Since the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court has held that the amount would become for the assessment year in which the sale transaction is completed. In the case in hand, it is not disputed that sale deeds were executed in the year subsequent to the year under appeal. Therefore, in view of the binding precedent, we are of the considered view that the authorities below were not justified in taxing the amount including ‘on money’ during the year under appeal

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DATE: March 5, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: April 24, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2010-11
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Bogus purchases: Fact that suppliers names appear in the list of hawala dealers of the sales-tax dept and that assessee is unable to produce them does not mean that the purchases are bogus if the payment is through banking channels & GP ratio becomes abnormally high

If the addition made by the A.O. is accepted, then G.P. Ratio of the appellant during the present A.Y.will become abnormally high and therefore that is not acceptable because it onus of the A.O. by bringing adequate material on record to prove that such a high G.P. ratio exists in the nature of business carried out by the appellant. Further, it has to be appreciated that (i)Payments were through banking channel and by Cheque, (ii) Notices coming back, does not mean, those Parties are bogus, they are just denying their business to avoid sales tax/VAT etc, (iii) Statement by third parties cannot be concluded adversely in isolation and without corroborating evidences against appellant ,(iv) No cross examination has been offered by AO to the appellant to cross examine the relevant parties (who are deemed to be witness or approver being used by AO against the appellant) whose name appear in the website www.mahavat.gov.in and (v) Failure to produce parties cannot be treated adversely against appellant

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DATE: April 10, 2015 (Date of pronouncement)
DATE: April 24, 2015 (Date of publication)
AY: 2009-10
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Additions made solely on the basis of AIR information are not sustainable in the eyes of law if the Revenue has not made any enquires to find out whether the AIR information was correct or not

It has been held time and again by this Tribunal that the additions made solely on the basis of AIR information are not sustainable in the eyes of law. If the assessee denies that it is in receipt of income from a particular source, it is for the AO to prove that the assessee has received income as the assessee cannot prove the negative