CBDT Instructions On S. 143(1) Intimations And S. 154 Rectifications

The CBDT has issued Instruction No. 03/2013 dated 05.07.2013 with regard to the the directive issued by the Delhi High Court in Court on Its Own Motion vs. UOI 352 ITR 273 on the procedure to be followed on the receipt and disposal of rectification applications filed u/s 154 of the Act. The CBDT has set out a detailed procedure on where applications should be received, the maintenance of registers and their disposal.

The CBDT has also issued Instruction No. 04/2013 dated 05.07.2013 with regard to the directive issued by the Delhi High Court in Court on Its Own Motion vs. UOI 352 ITR 273 that the demand should not be enforced in cases where no intimation u/s 143(1) was sent by the field authorities in respect of returns which were processed prior to 31.03.2010.


INSTRUCTION NO.3/2013[F.NO.225/76/2013/ITA.II], DATED 5-7-2013

Hon’ble Delhi High Court vide Judgment in case of Court On its Own Motion v. UOI and Ors. in W.P. (C) 2659/2012 dated 14.03.2013 has issued several Mandamuses for necessary action by income-tax Department one of which is regarding maintenance of “Rectification Register” in which details like receipt of applications under section 154 of the IT Act, their processing and disposal are to be maintained. (Reference: Para 16 to 18 of the order).

2. In view of the said order it has been decided by the Board that henceforth all applications received under section 154 of the I.T. Act by the concerned jurisdictional authorities shall be dealt with in the following manner-

A. Receipt of applications under section 154 of the Income-tax Act, 1961:

A.1. Offices where Aayakar Seva Kendra is Centeralized Dak receipt Center

(i) All offices where Aayakar Seva Kendra (‘ASK’) is functional, it would be ensured that that all applications received under section 154 are duly entered into the system by the ASK and a system generated ASK acknowledgement number shall be given to the taxpayer.

(ii) The acknowledgement number of application received u/s 154 provided to the taxpayer at ASK receipt counter shall be transmitted online to the Assessing Officer while paper application shall be physically forwarded to the Assessing Officer.

(iii) At places where Aayakar Seva Kendra is non-functional but where ASK-Sofware is used for purposes of receipt of Dak, the procedure outlined for Aavakar Seva Kendras mentioned above would be adopted in respect of applications u/s 154 received by the concerned authority.

A.2. Offices where Dak is received by the jurisdictional Assessing Officer

Offices where neither Aayakar Seva Keodra is functional nor ASK Software is used for receipt of dak, the applications u/s 154 should be received, diarized and acknowledgment number should be given to the assessee by the receiving jurisdictional Assessing Officer immediately at the time of filing the application.

B. Maintenance of “Register of Rectifications under section 154” online

B.1. To facilitate action u/s 154 in a time bound and transparent manner, all Assessing Officers should enter rectification applications in the “Valine Rectification Register” which has been made available in ITD Applications. The procedure to maintain this register online has already been intimated to the field formations vide AST Instruction No. 112 dated 29.11.2012 issued by the Directorate of Income-tax (Systems).

B.2. Rectification applications have to be compulsorily uploaded in “Online Rectification Register” by the Assessing Officer on the day application is received by him either through Aayakar Seva Kendra/ASK Software or in his own office. The acknowledgement number provided to the taxpayer at the time of receiving application u/s 154 must invariably be entered in “Online Rectification Register” in appropriate column.

C. Disposal of applications under section 154 of the Income-tax Act, 1961:

C.1. As per provisions of Section 154 of the I.T, Act, 196l, each application under that Section has to be disposed of by passing appropriate order within 6 months from the end of the month in which application is received. However, under Citizens Charter of 2010, the service delivery standard in respect of deciding rectification application has been fixed as 2 months. The concerned authorities should therefore, abide by this standard and ensure that rectification applications are decided as far as possible within a period of two months from the end of the month in which application is received.

C.2. Every Rectification application has to be processed through ITD applications only.

C.3. In cases where applications were received through Aayakar Seva Kendra/ASK Software, Assessing Officer should also flag/mark the disposal of rectification application in ASK Software so that its disposed status could be tracked down.

C.4. The order under section 154 of income-tax Act muse fulfill all the legal requirements, should be a speaking order and has to be invariably communicated co the taxpayer immediately after its disposal.

3. In respect of e-filed returns, the rectification applications are also filed online. CPC would be required to immediately identify whether action can be taken at its own end or it has to be transferred to the Assessing Officer for necessary action. If CPC is required to take action, it would do so within the time-frame prescribed. On the other hand, if the Assessing Officer is required to dispose it off, he would enter the same in the online rectification register, process it on AST and shall again make necessary entries therein once the same is disposed off. The prescribed time limit would strictly be adhered to in this case also.

4. All CCsIT/DGsIT are requested to ensure that the above procedure is strictly followed in their charge with immediate effect and the maintenance and updating of online rectification register is monitored by the concerned supervisory officers in their respective charges.

INSTRUCTION NO.4/2013 [F.NO.225/76/2013/ITAT.II], DATED 5-7-2013

Hon’ble Delhi High Court vide judgment in case of Court On its Own Motion vs. UOI and Ors- in W.P. (C) 2659/2012 dated 14.03.2013 has issued Seven Mandamus for necessary action by income-tax Department one of which is regarding non-enforcement of Demand where no intimation under section 143(1) of Income-tax Act,1961 was sent by field-authorities in refspect of returns which were processed prior to 31.03.2010. \

2. On this issue, Court has observed as under:

“33. The second grievance of the assessee is with regard to the uncommunicated intimations under Section 143(1) which remained on paper/file or the computer of the Assessing Officer. This is serious challenge and a matter of grave concern. The law requires intimation under Section 143(1) should be communicated to the assesses, if there is an adjustment made in the return resulting either in demand or reduction in refund. The uncommunicated order/ intimations cannot be enforced and are not valid. Respondents in the counter affidavit have not dealt with this problem on the assumption that the Assessing Officer who had manually processed the returns and passed the order/intimations under Section 143(1) would have necessarily followed the statute and communicated the said orders/intimations. In case the said orders/intimations under Section 143(1} were communicated or dispatched to the assessees, the directions given by us below would not be a cause for any grievance and will not be a matter of concern for the Revenue, We also accept the contention of the Revenue that where an order under Section 143(1) was sent and communicated to the assessee but could not be served due to non-availability/change of address or other valid reasons, should not be treated at par with case where there is no communication or no attempt is made to serve the order whatsoever. But when there is failure to dispatch or send communication/intimation/ to the assessee consequences must follow. Such intimation/order prior to 31st March, 2010, will be treated as non est or invalid for want communication/service within a reasonable time- This exercise, it is desirable should be undertaken expeditiously by the Assessing Officers. CBDT will issue instructions to the Assessing Officers.

34. The onus to show that the order was communicated and was served on the assessee is on the Revenue and not upon the assessee. We may note in case an order under Section 143(1) Is not communicated or served on the assessee, the return as declared/filed is treated as deemed intimation and unorder under Section 143(1), Therefore, (fan assessee does not receive or is not communicated on order under Section 143(1). he will never know chat some adjustments on account of rejection of TDS or tax paid has been made. While deciding applications under Section 154, or passing an order under Section 245, the Assessing Officers ore required to know and follow the said principle. Of course, while deciding application under Section 154 or 245 or otherwise, if the Assessing Officer comes to the conclusion and records a finding that TVS or tax credit had been fraudulently claimed he wilt be entitled to take action as per law and deny the fraudulent claim of TDS etc. The Assessing Officer, therefore, has to make a distinction between fraudulent claims and claims which have been rejected on ground of technicalities, but there is no communication to the assessee of the order/intimation under Section 143(1). In the later cases, the Assessing Officer cannot turn around and enforce the demand created by uncommunciated order/intimation under Section 143(1). This is fifth mandamus which we have issued.”

3. In view of the direction of Hon’ble Court, I am directed to convey that the exercise desired by the Hon’ble High Court in respect of intimations/orders prior to 31.03,2010 as mentioned in Para 33 above may be carried out by 31st August, 2013 positively. Further, the observations made by Hon’ble High Court in Para 33 and Para 34 mentioned above relating to intimations u/s 143(1) and disposal of applications u/s 1S4 and also passing of order u/s 245r as applicable, may be strictly kept in mind by the Assessing Officer while dealing with such matters.

4. This may be brought to notice of all Officers working under your jurisdiction for necessary and strict compliance within the time-frame prescribed above.


6 comments on “CBDT Instructions On S. 143(1) Intimations And S. 154 Rectifications
  1. CA J P Agarwal says:

    Nothing much will change unless erring officials and their supervisors are made accountable.

    Infact this is the area which empowers such officials to misuse their office and instead of clearing the mess they create it.

  2. Nem Singh says:

    Steps taken by the board and court against the machanism of the department never successful because of officials duty and they never work in faith of the assessee. they create some technical problem besides the solution.

  3. sushil shah says:

    It is very unfortunate that the Hight Courts have to frame the proceedure , regarding the 154

    applications and CPC activities .

    Assessee has to seek, intervention of the High Courts for enforcing his Ligitimate Rights .

  4. vswami says:

    Reactions (with due emphasis)

    “C.4. The order ‘under section 154 of Income-tax Act MUST FULFILL ALL THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS, SHOULD BE A SPEAKING ORDER and has TO BE INVARAIABLY COMMUNICATED to the taxpayer immediately after its disposal.” (Capital Supplied)

    The issuance of instructions by the Ministry, this time for a change with more clarity of purpose in mind, is a timely step and welcome. Can be no denying that the gulllible taxpayers have been suffering helplessly but patiently the innumerable woes in the face of inter alia the chaotic TDS regime for too long to be justifiied; but since given fresh hopes.

    A couple of aspects worth a double underlining:

    1. The “contents” of the Circular, addressed to the two top heads, with CCs to certain others,would require to be , in turn, necessarily passed on and reached to the ATTENTION of each one of the field authorities’ desk, addressed to personal name. All the more imperative, to be made clear that any failure to strictly adhere to and comply with any of the instructions, not only in letter but also spirit, would invite personal action on the ‘presumptive’ ground of not having acted “in the performance of his duties”, as warranted by the law (same way as in the case of any other “public servant”); and that all the attendant consequences to follow.

    2, The field authotrities are, no doubt, even in the normal course, expected to be fully aware, and also MADE A CONSCIOUS NOTE OF / bear in mind the purport and true import of the words / expressions highlighted in the above extracted portion of the Circular for their purposes / in their own interest. Even so, it might be worthwhile for the Ministry / CBDT to follow up by making those more than clear and sufficiently impressed. Especially, having noted that similarly worded circulars / directives issued in recent times have, by and large, not served the intended objects, by making an impact and change in the field reality. All the more important for the Ministry / CBDT is to keep closely monitoring the outcome, with a sincerity of purpose in the profound sense.

    Now, over to the Experts, the self-professed ‘social activists’ among them in particular; in the fond hope and with fervent expectation of useful contribution, in rely, aimed at accomplishing the ultimate objective of “public interest” (-in the same sense as made out by the Delhi High Court in Court on Its Own Motion vs. UOI 352 ITR 273).

  5. vswami says:

    “C.4. The order ‘under section 154 of Income-tax Act MUST FULFILL ALL THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS must fulfill all the legal requirements, SHOULD BE A SPEAKING ORDER should be a speaking order and has TO BE INVARAIABLY COMMUNICATED to the taxpayer immediately after its disposal.”

    The issuance of instructions by the Ministry, this time for a change with more clarity of purpose in mind, is a timely step and welcome. Can be no denying that the gulllible taxpayers have been suffering helplessly but patiently the innumerable woes in the face of inter alia the chaotic TDS regime for too long to be justifiied; but since given fresh hopes.

    A couple of aspects worth a double underlining:

    1. The “contents” of the Circular, addressed to the two top heads, with CCs to certain others,would require to be , in turn, necessarily passed on and reached to the ATTENTION of each one of the field authorities’ desk, addressed to personal name. More imperativee, also be made clear that any failure to strictly adhere to and comply with any of the instructions, in both letter and spirit, would invite personal action on the ‘presumptive’ ground of not having acted “in the performance of his duties”, as warranted by the law (same way as in the case of any other “public servant”); and that all the attendant consequences must follow.
    2, The field authotrities are, no doubt, even in the normal course, expected to be fully aware, and also MADE A CONSCIOUS NOTE OF / bear in mind the purport and true import of the words / expressions highlighted in the above extracted portiion of the Circular for their purposes / in their own interest. Even so, it might be worthwhile to follow up by making those more than clear and sufficiently impressed. Especially havng noted that similarly worded circulars / directives have by and large not served the intended objects, by making an impact and change in the field reality. All the more important for the Ministry. the CBDT is keep closely minitoring of the outcome with a sincerity of purpose in the profound sense.

    Now, over to the Experts, social activists among them in particular, in the fervent expectation of useful contribution aimed at accomplishing the ultimate objective of public interest.

  6. jagdish says:

    Such mandamuses are most helpful for pending intimation u/s 143 (1) (a)

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